Growing Organic to Feed the World: Environmental Justice is Social Justice
There are significant benefits to the environment and economic profitability when considering more organic farming practices. Organic farming will decrease threats to biodiversity and decrease greenhouse emissions. At the same time, organic farming preserves soil conditions with less use, exploitation, and degradagtion. Moreover, there is a wider market for buying organic. People are simply willing to pay a little more if they know they are getting quality produce. Nutritious quality also increases, which translates to preventable or reduction of negative social outcomes. For example, less pesticide use means less unnatural compounds that affect quality of health. Although organic farming produces 10-20% less than that of conventional farming, is it enough to feed the entire world’s population? Though there are obvious benefits, what other sustainable options are available? And how do we progress?
Proponents have countered that increasing research could reduce the yield gap, and organic agriculture generates environmental, health and socioeconomic benefits that can’t be found with conventional farming.
In a time of increasing population growth, climate change and environmental degradation, we need agricultural systems that come with a more balanced portfolio of sustainability benefits.